Health Information and Publications Network (HIPNET)

HIPNet Activities/Publications on the Topic of Gender-Based Violence/Nonconsensual Sex
April, 2004

release date
Information and Knowledge for Optimal Health Project (INFO Project) Population Reports Volume XXVII, Number 4 “Ending Violence Against Women”
Available at:
2003 PAHO Contacts: Mylena Pinzon, or Anabel Cruz, Book about women and violence accompanied by a big media campaign. Web address for publications/bookstore is:
December 2003 IPPF Medical Bulletin 2-page summary article About sexual violence
To be released in 2004 Population Council/India 4-page brief Focuses on male youth as victims and perpetrators
2005 Population Council/India, WHO RHR, YouthNet Book of some 10 papers About nonconsensual sex among young people presented at September 2003 Population Council/WHO/ YouthNet meeting
Release date unknown WHO Brief Likely to focus on research issues involving youth.
Possibly 2005 FHI/YouthNet 32-page synthesis paper Topics from 2003 Population Council/WHO/ YouthNet meeting
Released March 2004 FHI/YouthNet 4-page YouthLens Overview of the topic, focusing on prevalence, consequences, and program responses for youth.
About to publish ORC Macro
(Contact: Sidney Moore, Chief Editor, MEASURE DHS),
Comparative report on domestic violence in nine developing countries, Profiling Domestic Violence: A Multicountry Study, presents the findings on domestic violence from DHS surveys in Cambodia, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Egypt, Haiti, India, Nicaragua, Peru, and Zambia. Authors are Sunita Kishor and Kiersten Johnson of ORC Macro.
To be published in December 2004 Alan Guttmacher Institute
(Contact: Executive Editor Frances Althaus,
International Family Planning Perspectives Executive Editor Althaus: “Our special issue on gender-based violence will look at the incidence and prevalence of gender-based violence (including sexual violence, physical violence and verbal abuse), and will focus on its implications for reproductive health, so there is likely to be a good deal of overlap. Many of the papers will be research articles (generally chosen for their program and policy implications), but some will be program pieces and commentaries. Our audience includes program administrators, reproductive health/family planning providers, policymakers and researchers.”
Contact: Michal Avni,
IGWG is funding AGI to do a stand-alone supplement of their GBV issue of IFPP. IGWG has spent considerable time and resources in the last year collecting USAID-funded programmatic best practices and lessons learned on various gender-based violence themes. They may want to translate these best practices into a publication.
IGWG’s Gender & HIV/AIDS Task Force 2-page draft Gender Based Violence, Youth & HIV/AIDS
International Center for Research on Women (ICRW)
Contact: Ellen Weiss, Horizons Program,
Has done a lot of work on this topic, particularly in India. Suggested contact for more information is Nata Duvvury (
Futures Group
Contact: Pamela Pine
A major national/international effort focusing on the prevention and treatment of child sexual abuse planned. Kick-off was to be a public awareness-raising effort — the “Race to Stop the Silence: Stop Child Sexual Abuse” ( April 17. This was a 10k race and 5k run/walk, and kids’ 1k run, with speeches and entertainment, to raise support for local programming. The Futures Group is to begin programming in Zambia
Population Council/FRONTIERS
Contact: Laura Raney, Population Council
Frontiers in Reproductive Health,
Has done some work in Mexico and is interested in this topic, but no other projects ongoing on the issue.
International Division of Advocates for Youth
Contact: Nicole Cheetham, Director, International Division, nicole@ADVOCATESFORYOUTH.ORG
No publications planned, but Cheetham says: “Sexual violence continues to be a challenge that programs have a hard time addressing throughout the world and that politicians and others fail to address, so please move ahead!”
Late fall, 2004 FHI
Contact: Kim Best,
Network An overall review and synthesis of information about nonconsensual sex. The particular angle we will pursue is that while the “ABC” message is a good one (in terms of preventing unwanted pregnancy and/or STIs/HIV), “A” and “B” and even “C” are well beyond the control of many women and girls. These individuals include victims of rape, child sexual abuse, chaotic refugee situations, and trafficking. They also include the case of child marriage and nonconsensual/forced sex in health care settings and in schools. We will not address such broader topics as FGM or intimate partner violence, which would fall under a broader category of gender-based violence. The focus will be how nonconsensual sex adversely affects reproductive health outcomes, and will emphasize challenges and solutions to addressing nonconsensual sex programmatically, both in terms of prevention and interventions for vulnerable individuals. We will explore and report FHI work that touches on the matter from both FHI Institutes. But the issue would also report on country-specific findings by such researchers as Mary Ellsberg (Nicaragua), Rachel Jewkes (South Africa), Michael Koenig (Uganda), and David Wilkinson (Cambodia). It will also disseminate highlights from 1) the Sept. 2003 Population Council/WHO/YouthNet meeting about nonconsensual sex among young people; 2) IGWG work; and 3) the ORC Macro DHS report.
1995 Population Council Heise, Lori, Kristen Moore, and Nahid Toubia. Sexual Coercion and Reproductive Health, A Focus on Research. New York: Population Council. (document in PDF:
1999 Population Council Pick, Susan and Lydia Miranda. Mexico: Training Health Providers on Domestic Violence. Mexico City: Population Council. (document in PDF:
2000 Population Council “Female genital cutting harms women’s health (Burkina Faso and Mali)” FRONTIERS Operations Research Summary no. 10. Washington, DC: Population Council. (document in PDF:
2001 Population Council Power in sexual relationships: An opening dialogue among reproductive health professionals. New York: Population Council. (document in PDF: English or Spanish
2001 Population Council Knapp, Carolyn. “HIV and partner violence: What are the implications for voluntary counseling and testing,” The Horizons Report. Washington, DC: Population Council. (document : (en française, PDF:
2001 Population Council Chege, Jane Njeri, Ian Askew, and Jennifer Liku. “An assessment of the alternative rites approach for encouraging abandonment of FGC in Kenya,” FRONTIERS Final Report. Washington, DC: Population Council. (document in PDF:
2002 Population Council Rutenberg, Naomi, Carol E. Kaufman, Kate Macintyre, Lisanne Brown and Ali Karim. “Pregnant or positive: Adolescent childbearing and HIV risk in South Africa,” Policy Research Division Working Paper no. 162. New York: Population Council. (document in PDF: (abstract only:
2002 Population Council Huntington, Dale. “Anti-trafficking programs in South Asia: Appropriate activities, indicators, and evaluation methodologies” FRONTIERS Final Report. Washington, DC: Population Council. (document in PDF:
2003 Population Council Jejeebhoy, Shireen and Sarah Bott. “Non-consensual sexual experiences of young people: A review of the evidence from developing countries,” South & East Asia Regional Working Paper no. 16. New Delhi: Population Council. (document in PDF:
2003 Population Council Jejeebhoy, Shireen J. and Mary Philip Sebastian. “Actions that protect: Promoting sexual and reproductive health and choice among young people in India,” South & East Asia Regional Working Paper no. 18. New Delhi: Population Council. (document in PDF format:

Other related activities: The World Bank is planning to conduct a literature review of efforts to address gender-based violence.